‘The Violence of Development’ website follows the same structure as ‘The Violence of Development’ book with the exception that the website includes one extra chapter that was omitted from the book because of the need to reduce its word count. That extra chapter is now Chapter 10 (Other Issues). This means that Chapter 11 (Whither Development?) in the website is equivalent to Chapter 10 in the book.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Essentially this is a book about development issues. It asks: what is development? How has development shown itself over recent decades? Is it the goal that the world should aim for? I wish to be skeptical about the term ‘development’ and to recognise that it has become something of a religion. I am aware of the dangers of simply carrying on with the assumption that it is unquestionably a good thing.
This first chapter introduces the notion of development in a global context and discusses the ways in which it manifests itself on the ground in the region of Central America. It also outlines the sources of information used for this work.
Chapter 2: The Food Crisis
There is no doubt that there is a recent and genuine Central American food crisis which began in 2007 and continued throughout 2008 and into 2009. After the 2008 ‘food riots’ hit the international media headlines for a short time, the issue dropped from general view. But even after the worst of the crisis had disappeared from view and various measures had been taken to patch over the seriousness of the situation, in late 2009 came the news from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) that global hunger had just reached over a billion people on the planet.Despite falling off the media radar, the crisis did not disappear; and it would be a mistake to believe that the crisis was new in any case. Perhaps it reached new depths, but for many of the Central American population the crisis of food has existed as long as they can remember.
Chapter 3: The Water Crisis
Chapter 4: The Energy Crisis
This chapter examines the causes of this mismatch between supply and demand and investigates the introduction of renewable sources of energy to the Central American market.
Chapter 5: Mining
Chapter 6: Deforestation and Reforestation
Chapter 7: Free Trade Treaties and the Failure to Industrialise
Chapter 8: Indigenous Issues
Chapter 9: The Violence of Development
This chapter analyses the nature, extent and origins of violence in Central America.
Chapter 10: Other Issues
It is an impossible task to cover the full range of environmental issues that are thrown up by an analysis of the political, economic and social development of a region as diverse as Central America. I am aware that the coverage so far still leaves so many problems untouched by my analysis. In this chapter I try to cover a number of the other crucial issues that affect the region of Central America in as brief a manner as possible.