In 2000, Daniel W. Drezner of the University of Chicago published an article entitled ‘Bottom Feeders’ in which he accused the critics of EPZs of a “lack of supporting evidence” for their arguments, of peddling myths and of simply being wrong. The grounds for his arguments are summarised below.
There is a lack of supporting evidence that the reduction of controls on trade and capital flows has forced a generalised downgrading of labour or environmental conditions;
“Multinationals often pay higher-than-average wages in developing countries in order to recruit better workers” (p.65);
“Several nations, including the Dominican Republic and the Philippines, actually … established labour standards in their EPZs when none previously existed” (p.66);
“Even developing countries … have liberalised their foreign investment laws while simultaneously tightening environmental regulations” (p.66);
“And even in the absence of uniform national enforcement, many multinational corporations have embraced self-monitoring programmes for the environment – an effective complement to government regulations” (p.66)
“Nongovernmental organisations, corporations, politicians and academics use the race to the bottom as an excuse to peddle their policy wares” (p.68).
 Daniel W. Drezner (2000) ‘Bottom Feeders’, at http://drezner.foreignpolicy.com/